Angular versions have three parts major, minor, and patch releases. The latest version is Angular 8. If we consider the new version 8. Major releases: It adds new features, but needs developer help during the update. While updating the new major release, you may be required to run additional tests, refactor code, run update scripts, and learn new APIs.
Minor Releases: It adds slight modifications to the added features and fully backward compatible, no need for developer help during the operation. Modifying your apps is optional and to begin new APIs, capabilities, and features that were added in the release.Angular 2 - Life Cycle Hooks
Patch Releases: These releases are designed to overcome risks and are used to fix bugs. Finally, the new version of Angular was released in May. Now, the latest Angular includes a differential loading, service worker support, a preview of Ivy and a few other finishing touches. It provides dependency injections, which is helpful to the application for assembling data services and to compose components using HTML templates.
AngularJS Tutorial. This translation has provided better convenience for browsers to download small app bundles and also to improve the speed of modern browsers which has ES support.
A small change, but it introduces a new feature that will give you enhanced support for bundling web workers with the help of Angular CLI. Moreover, this feature makes bundling eliminates the need to put the web workers in a separate file. The Angular 8 comes with the latest versions of angular dependencies, which comprise tools such as Typescript and RxJS. This change is enormous because of the TypeScript group always include the necessary advanced features into all new releases. With the introduction of this new feature in Angular 8, Compatibility with other angular applications will be improved.
Moreover, this feature even provides advantages such as:.
Complete Angular Tutorial For Beginners
It overcomes the problems which are not solved by HTML. Angular makes testing easy and performs effectively. All these features of Angular 8 will make it a more popular and widely adopted framework across different applications. Subscribe to our youtube channel to get new updates.!The Angular 8 Router uses to navigate between views or pages that trigger by the user actions.
The navigation or view changes happen when the user clicks on the link, click on the button, or enter the URL from the browser address bar.
Every view change can bring the params of data from the previous view to the next view. So, make sure all of those items are installed in your machine and ready to run. We assume you are successfully installing Node. That Node. Next, we have to install Angular CLI by type this command. Next, to sanitize the newly created Angular 8 project go to that project folder then run the Angular application.
If you open the project using your IDE or text editor, there is a starting component app. This component is the default view that trigger from the index. The simple Angular 8 Routing will contain a few pages or views that have the same level each other. From that diagram, we need to create the new components by type this command to generate it using Angular Schematics. Now, we have a home, about, privacy, and terms folders inside the app folder.
All of those Components routes wrapped inside app. Dynamic views changes inside the router-outlet tag. So, we can use the rest of app. Next, install the ng-bootstrap module using this command.
Add this stylesheet reference to the Bootstrap stylesheet in the index. We add the toggleNavbar function to make this Boostrap responsive and the menu working on the thinner width. The navigation works by click on the navigation item and it's done by the Angular [routerLink]. To marked active view in the Boostrap navigation bar, the Angular routerLinkActivate just use inline with the [routerLink]. And here's how it works. From the previous example of the simple Angular Routing you just can navigate to the routing that defines in the app-routing.
Its first version was released by Google in and named as AngularJS. Angular 8 is the updated version of Angular 2. Angular 8 is a great UI User Interface library for the developers. Angular is a reusable UI component helps us constructing attractive, consistent, and functional web pages and web application. It contains menu, buttons, and blocks on a single page and when a user clicks on them, it dynamically rewrites the current page without loading new pages from the server so that its speed is fast.
Angular 8 has entirely based on component and consist of some tree structures with parent and child component. Angular 8 classes are created in such a way that the web page can fit in any screen size so that they are fully compatible with mobiles, tablets, laptops, and large systems.
If we are using Angular 5 or 6 and want to update to Angular 8, below is the command which will update our app to the recent version of Angular. Some features of Angular 8 came with the release of new versions to make the framework more attractive and sturdy. The Ivy project is rewriting the Angular compiler and run-time code to make it better, faster, and smaller. So, it allocates the memory when the DOM nodes are added or removed.
Following is a diagram which represents that it decreases the bundle size in this way. Angular Team added backward compatibility mode to Angular router that helps to generate the path for large projects and make it easier to move to Angular with lazy loading. A web worker is included while building the production bundles, which are essential for improving the parallel ability and help to increase the performance.
The angular framework itself built with Bazel. Lazy loading is based on the concepts of Angular Routing and it helps bring down the size of large files by lazily loading the data that are required. Opt-in sharing telemetry can collect data commands used and the build speed if users allow them, which will help developers improve in the future. The Angular CLI is continuously improving, and now the ng-build, ng-test and ng-run are equipped to be extended by 3 rd party libraries and tool.
The new version allows us to use builders API. It uses builders for mail operations like Serve, build, test, link, and e2e and now we can create our custom builders as well.
It helps increased reliability and performance without needing to code against low-level APIs and can achieve native-like application download and installation. The Component Dev Kit CDK is a set of tools that implement common interaction patterns while being preserve about their presentation.
It is a command-line tool for creating angular apps. It is mentioned to use angular CLI for creating angular apps as if we do not need to spend time to install and configur e all the required dependencies and wiring everything together.
History and Version of Angular. It uses Typescript language which provides class-based object-oriented programming languages and support features of server site programming language.Already have an account? You can unsubscribe from these emails. Angular 8 is out now and along with that, comes my Angular 8 Tutorial more like a crash course! For this tutorial, we're going focus just on the basics of building an SPA. First, you will need Node. This should output a version number.
If so, you're ready to install the Angular CLI Command Line Interfacewhich is a command line tool that allows you to create and manage your Angular 8 projects. Angular routing allows you to create routes between the components in your app. At this point, I usually issue the command: code.
When you're developing your Angular 8 app, you will want to issue the following command in the terminal:. Now, while you're developing your Angular app, every time you update a file, the browser will automatically reload hot reloading so that you can see the app and debug it in near real-time. Note : When you want to deploy your Angular app, you will use a different command. We'll get to that later. It's worth dedicating a little bit of time to outline the important files and folders that you will commonly work in -- and also understand some of the under-the-hood stuff that makes Angular 8 work.
The fundamental building blocks of your Angular app are the components. Components consist of 3 elements:. Let's take a look at the component the Angular CLI generated for us to see these 3 areas in action. As you can see, we have a single import at the top, which is necessary for all Angular components. Replace it with the following:. Nothing too exciting happening here.
After saving, your app should now have a styled navigation bar. Before we give it a shot, let's give this some style. Visit the home. Then, if you click on the span element, it is communicating data from the template to the component!
If you save it and begin to type within the textfield, you will see that it displays in the line beneath it in real time. Give it a shot by clicking the span element until it reaches 5 or more and you will see it work in action. Sometimes, you want to modify the appearance of your UI based on events that occur in your app.
This is where class and style binding come into play. With inline style binding, you wrap it in brackets property binding and specify style. If you save, it will initially show the play container block as light gray. If you click our span button a few times, it will turn yellow. If you wish to add or remove entire classes that are defined in your CSS, you can do this with class binding.
Modify the current. Services are special components that are reusable throughout your app. Notice "g s", these are just shorthand terms for "generate service".
The name we're giving this service is "http". So, we're saying, run our. First, we import the HttpClientthen we create an instance of it through dependency injection, and then we create a method that returns the response from the API.
The service returns an observable, which means we can subscribe to it within the component. In the return, we can pass the data to our brews object.Angular 7 is owned by Google and the stable release was done on 18 th October This is the latest version of Angular. Google plans to release the major Angular version every 6 months. The version released so far are backward compatible and can be updated to the newer one very easily.
While doing project setup using angular CLI, it prompts you about the built-in features available, i. Budgets is a feature added to Angular CLI which allows you to set limit inside your configuration to make sure your application size is within the limit set. You can set the size so that the app can be warned when the limit is crossed.
Virtual scrolling feature shows up the visible dom elements to the user, as the user scrolls, the next list is displayed. This gives faster experience as the full list is not loaded at one go and only loaded as per the visibility on the screen.
You can drag and drop elements from a list and place it wherever required within the list. The new feature is very smooth and fast. Angular7 - Overview Advertisements. Previous Page.
Next Page. Previous Page Print Page.The following is a custom example and tutorial on how to setup a simple login page using Angular 8 and Basic HTTP authentication. Styling of the example app is all done with Bootstrap 4. The app and code structure of the tutorial mostly follows the best practice recommendations in the official Angular Style Guidewith a few of my own tweaks here and there. The index. Path aliases app and environments have been configured in tsconfig.
This allows imports to be relative to the app and environments folders by prefixing import paths with aliases instead of having to use long relative paths e. Here are the main project files that contain the application logic, I left out some files that were generated by Angular CLI ng new command that I didn't change. The auth guard is an angular route guard that's used to prevent unauthenticated users from accessing restricted routes, it does this by implementing the CanActivate interface which allows the guard to decide if a route can be activated with the canActivate method.
Angular 8 Tutorial & Crash Course
If the method returns true the route is activated allowed to proceedotherwise if the method returns false the route is blocked. The auth guard uses the authentication service to check if the user is logged in, if they are logged in it returns true from the canActivate method, otherwise it returns false and redirects the user to the login page. Angular route guards are attached to routes in the router config, this auth guard is used in app. The Basic Authentication Interceptor intercepts http requests from the application to add basic authentication credentials to the Authorization header if the user is logged in.
It's implemented using the HttpInterceptor class included in the HttpClientModule, by extending the HttpInterceptor class you can create a custom interceptor to modify http requests before they get sent to the server. Http interceptors are added to the request pipeline in the providers section of the app.
The Error Interceptor intercepts http responses from the api to check if there were any errors. If there is a Unauthorized response the user is automatically logged out of the application, all other errors are re-thrown up to the calling service so an alert with the error can be displayed on the screen. It's implemented using the HttpInterceptor class included in the HttpClientModule, by extending the HttpInterceptor class you can create a custom interceptor to catch all error responses from the server in a single location.
In order to run and test the Angular application without a real backend API, the example uses a fake backend that intercepts the HTTP requests from the Angular app and send back "fake" responses. Requests to the authenticate route are handled by the authenticate function which checks the username and password against an array of hardcoded users.
If the username and password are correct then an ok response is returned with the user details, otherwise an error response is returned. Requests to the get users route are handled by the getUsers function which checks if the user is logged in by calling the new isLoggedIn helper function.
If the user is logged in an ok response with the whole users array is returned, otherwise a Unauthorized response is returned by calling the new unauthorized helper function. RxJS Subjects and Observables are used to store the current user object and notify other components when the user logs in and out of the app. Angular components can subscribe to the public currentUser: Observable property to be notified of changes, and notifications are sent when the this.
The RxJS BehaviorSubject is a special type of Subject that keeps hold of the current value and emits it to any new subscribers as soon as they subscribe, while regular Subjects don't store the current value and only emit values that are published after a subscription is created.
For more info on communicating between components with RxJS Observables see this post.Major part of the development with Angular 7 is done in the components. Components are basically classes that interact with the. We have seen the file structure in one of our previous chapters.
The above files are created by default when we created new project using the angular-cli command. If you open up the app. The declarations include the AppComponent variable, which we have already imported.
This becomes the parent component. Now, angular-cli has a command to create your own component. However, the app component which is created by default will always remain the parent and the next components created will form the child components.
If you see the above new-cmp. Let us check how the flow works. Now, the app component, which is created by default becomes the parent component. Any component added later becomes the child component. The above is the normal html file and we do not see anything that is printed in the browser. We shall take a look at the tag in the body section.
Angular7 - Components
This is the root tag created by the Angular by default. This tag has the reference in the main. AppModule is imported from the app of the main parent module, and the same is given to the bootstrap Module, which makes the appmodule load. Here, the AppComponent is the name given, i. Let us now see the app. In the declarator reference to the selector, templateUrl and styleUrl are given. The selector here is nothing but the tag which is placed in the index.